Slovak declines nouns, adjectives, pronouns and numbers in six cases: * nominative (the subject of the sentence e.g. There is also the reflexive pronoun sa, which is declined as follows: N: –, G: seba, D: sebe / si, A: seba/sa, L: sebe, I: sebou, like ten (that, the) are declined: tamten (that one), henten (that one), tento (this one), tenže (the same)…, like adjectives are declined: for example istý (certain, same), každý (each), iný (other), taký / onaký (such), všetok (all), sám (-self), onen (that one), and žiaden = žiadny (no one)…, like kto/čo are declined: nikto (nobody), niekto / dakto (someone), niečo / dačo (something), hocikto (who ever), nič (nothing), ktosi (someone), čosi (something)…, like adjectives are declined: čí (whose), niečí / dačí / hocičí (someone's), ničí (no one's), ktorý (which), aký (what, which), nejaký / dajaký / (some), nijaký / niktorý (no), čísi (someone's), číkoľvek (whose ever). Examples: "Der junge Mann lernt Deutsch." Declension of baldig in the positive, declension tables for many other German adjectives. // "The man is young." This project has received financial support from the European Commission. )); the forms -ňho (or -ň), -ňmu, -ň can be used alternatively after the prepositions do, pre, na, za, o, po, do, u (for example pre neho (masc.) animate); päť (otherwise) – L: piatich – I: piatimi; 100, 200, 300… 900; 1000, 2000, 3000… 9000: not declined, but 1000 can be declined like päť. Essential Russian language grammar, Declension of Adjectives in the Singular and Plural . The ending used for the masculine gender is -ý. The following nouns are declined like ulica instead of žena: večera, rozopra, konopa, Hybe and (the plurale tantum) dvere; In the G pl of some nouns, an ie / e / o / á / ô is inserted in the last syllable of the stem (for example hra – hier, čipka – čipiek/čipôk, karta – kariet/karát, kvapka – kvapiek/kvapák/kvapôk, vojna – vojen, látka – látok); In the G pl of some nouns, in the last syllable of the stem the a / i / y / u / ä / e / o / syllabic r / syllabic l (without an acute or a preceding i) is changed into á (or ia) / í / ý / ú / ia / ie / ô / ŕ / ĺ respectively (sila - síl, skala - skál, chyba – chýb, ruka – rúk, fakulta – fakúlt, päta – piat, slza – sĺz, črta – čŕt, brzda – bŕzd, slza – sĺz). They belong to both but look different depending on gender. in L sg, nouns ending in g / k / h have -u rather than -e. many nouns lose the e / o / i / í / ie / á in all cases except N sg and A sg (for example marec – marca, delenec – delenca, veniec – venca, deň – dňa, stupeň – stupňa, lakeť – lakťa); some nouns lose the acute or the i/u from a diphthong in all cases except N sg and A sg (for example dážď – dažďa, nôž – noža); in G pl, geographical names in pl. Sg: N: pony, G: ponyho, D: ponymu, A: ponyho, L and I: ponym; For the nouns ending in a vowel (for example -o, -u) the vowel is not part of the stem, but the ending in N sg: for example dedo has G / D sg… deda / dedovi etc. In this video, you learn more about the GERMAN ADJECTIVE DECLENSION. Adjectives denote the qualities of persons, animals, objects and events. 3) -ia in the nominative and accusative plural of the neuter. In this lesson you will get familiar with the models of Slovak adjectives. German adjective declension is really not that complicated most of the time, and I say that as a native English speaker for whom declension was once a totally alien concept. ), fathers' (pl); (1) in English "to x"; answers the question To whom / To what; for example to the father (sg), to the fathers (pl); (1) the direct object; answers the question Whom / What; for example [I see the] father (sg), fathers (pl); (1) in English "by (means of) x"; answers the question By (means of) whom / By (means of) what; for example [written] by the father; For masculine nouns, adjectives, pronouns and numerals it is necessary to distinguish between. All other adjectives and adverbs are compared regularly. Adjectives are always declined to agree with the nouns they describe. A particular case is associated with three distinct groups of numerals associated with nouns: There is also a different form of morphological vocative emerging in spoken language, used with some familiar forms of personal names (Paľo - Pali, Jano, Jana - Jani, Zuza - Zuzi) and familiar forms of kinship words, such as mama – mami (mum, mother), oco – oci (dad, father), tata, tato – tati (dad, daddy), baba, babka – babi (gran, granny, grandmother). The -a- at the beginning of all endings is replaced by ä after a labial consonant, i.e. Declension is when the form of a noun, pronoun, adjective, or article (such as ''the'' and ''a'' in English) changes to indicate number, grammatical case, or gender. The comparative and superlative of adverbs (which, by the way, end in -o, -e or -y in the basic form) is formed by simply replacing the -(ej)ší from the adjective by -(ej)šie (for example: pekne – krajšie – najkrajšie, hrozne – hroznejšie – najhroznejšie, teplo – teplejšie – najteplejšie, pomaly – pomalšie – najpomalšie). : A convenient summary of Latin declension and conjugation is available on-line here. In the G pl of some nouns ie is inserted (for example jedľa – jedieľ, sukňa – sukieň); In the G pl of some nouns, in the last syllable of the stem the a / i / y / u / e / o / syllabic r (without an acute or a preceding i) is changed into á (or ia) / í / ý / ú / ie / ô / ŕ respectively (for example ulica – ulíc, sudkyňa – sudkýň, Krkonoše – Krkonôš, košeľa – košieľ, guľa – gúľ, hoľa – hôľ, fľaša – fliaš). However, many personal names in -í are declined like pony in reality (e. g. Dolejšího (not Dolejšieho like in cudzí)) inanimate); dve (otherwise) – G: dvoch – D: dvom – A: dvoch (masc. All of them are possessive adjectives (adjectives in -ov are derived from masculine nouns, adjectives in -in – from feminine nouns). The suffixes remain long and the rhythmic rule is not observed. komunizmus – komunizmu; but e.g. autobus – autobusu, cirkus – cirkusu); some Slovak words lose the acute or the i / u from a diphthong in all cases except N sg and A sg (for example mráz – mraza, chlieb – chleba, vietor – vetra (here along with loss of o), stôl – stola, bôr – bora); in G pl, some nouns change the a / e / i / o / u (without an acute or a preceding i) in the stem to á / é / í / ó / ú (raz – ráz, Vojany – Voján, Krompachy – Krompách) or in some cases to ia / ie / iu / ô (for example čas – čias, Margecany – Margecian, Žabokreky – Žabokriek), unless the. animate); dva (masc. Adjective declension. Most nouns can take both the -at- endings and the -enc- endings in the plural (for example dievča, húsa, bábä), some nouns however take only the -at- endings (for example knieža, zviera, mláďa) and some nouns only the -enc- endings (for example kura). The plural of adjectives depends on the gender of the noun they are connected with. The second house is larger than the first house. In the G pl, there are changes in the stem: if the noun ends in -vowel + ná, then this vowel receives an acute (for example švagriná – švagrín), but otherwise -ie- is inserted (for example princezná – princezien). Declension of adjectives. In these lessons we will show you how to define the gender of the adjective, how to make the plural form, what are the models for their declension and how to use the comparison in Slovak language. some Greek and Latin nouns in -us, -es, -os lose the -us / -es / -os in all cases except N sg and A sg (e.g. Definition of slovakian adjective in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. The first house is as large as the second house. Aké je srdce? They are classified into the following categories: Adjectives are always declined to agree with the nouns they describe. The following tables show the different groups and one adjective of each group is The following nouns do not take the -en- in the alternative plural endings: prasa (N pl prasatá/prasce, G pl prasiat/prasiec), teľa, šteňa. The correct version is 'mám dve sestry'. Note: Ordinal numerals are formed by adding adjective endings to the (slightly modified) cardinal numbers, for example: Interrogative (and Relative) and Indefinite pronouns, http://slovniky.juls.savba.sk/?w=pam%C3%A4%C5%A5, provides an exhaustive treatment of Slovak declension and is the source of this article, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Slovak_declension&oldid=991473401, Pages with non-English text lacking appropriate markup and no ISO hint, Pages with non-English text lacking appropriate markup from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The rule for adjectives before a noun is this: when there’s no hard ending in the noun or article, add it to the adjective. Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). Examples: pekný – krajší – najkrajší, hrozný – hroznejší – najhroznejší…. The model of páví is used to decline animal adjectives. 2 posts • Page 1 of 1. Slovak nouns follow several different declension patterns. Jeho vidím = It is him that I see); the forms in n- (that is neho, nemu, nej, ňu, nich, nim, ne) are used after prepositions (for example pre neho (masc. How to create the plural form of Slovak adjectives. It's even misleading to think of adjectives as belonging to the 1st OR the 2nd declension. They decline as nouns and can be divided into groups according to the endings of the nominative singular. The difference is a soft ending used for the declension of cudzí and a hard ending used for the declension of pekný. There is also a 5th paradigm for foreign nouns ending in .-i, -y, -e, -í, -é, -ě, -ä (for example pony, kuli, Tököli, Goethe, Krejčí, abbé, Poupě) and foreign personal names ending in -ü, -ö (for example Jenö), which goes as follows: Masculine animal nouns are declined like chlap in the singular, but in plural usually like dub (if they end in a hard or neutral consonant) or like stroj (otherwise). Sign in to disable ALL ads. Master adjective declension with Lingolia’s simple declension tables and online lesson, then … The Slovak language, like most Slavic and Latin languages, is an inflected language, meaning that the endings (and sometimes also the stems) of most words (nouns, adjectives, pronouns and numerals) change depending on the given combination of the grammatical gender, the grammatical number and the grammatical case of the particular word in the particular sentence: animate); päť (otherwise) – G: piatich – D: piatim – A: piatich / päť (masc. The superlative (that is biggest, most difficult etc.) Declension of Adjectives – mixed exercise; Need more practice? This paradigm is used for adjectives ending in a hard or neutral consonant + ý [in masculine]. Declension (English to Slovak translation). Textbooks rarely have detailed explanations about this, so here is everything I could find about the expression of numbers in Slovak and their declension. Other possibility is influence of Czech (from common bllingual TV during Czechoslovakia), where Jani / Zuzi as well as mami / tati / babi is part of Common Czech. For each gender, there are four basic declension paradigms (that is declension models). A review of Russian adjectives and their declensions -- a very densely-packed video with lots of case endings -- not for the faint-of-heart. Grammar Tips: While in English an adjective doesn’t change when the noun changes, in Slovak an adjective should agree in … Hey guys, I am not sure of the pattern of the change of the numbers when answering the above question with 'I have..' ie. (The adjective "jung" comes before the noun "Mann" ⇒ Adjective Declension) But: "Der Mann ist jung." is formed as follows: naj+comparative. This publication reflects the views only of its authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. Slovak; Declension In order to use Slovak nouns correctly, we need to know both the gender of the noun, and also the declension pattern that it follows. sing. Aká je ruža? (uncountable) The Slavic language of Slovakia. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. Almost all Slovak nouns and adjectives, as well as some pronouns and numerals can be categorized into one of these genders. The word hrsť is declined like dlaň in the singular, but like kosť in the plural. The only difference is that for the comparative degree we use the ending -šie/-ejšie ?. In this case, the adjective gets the endings of the definite article and that is why we call this adjective declension “strong”. A few third declension adjectives of one ending are declined without the characteristic -i.Thus, vetus, veteris, old: vetere (abl. The first numeral, 1, is declined pretty much like an adjective. Declension of feminine adjectives Declension of neuter adjectives. 5: päť - 5th: piaty, 20: dvadsať - 20th: dvadsiaty External links - provides an exhaustive treatment of Slovak declension and is the source of this article With Lingolia Plus you can access 7 additional exercises about Declension, as well as 847 online exercises to improve your German. Learn more. The options below allow you to export current page of search results into plain text or into your citation manager. Each gender (masculine, feminine, neuter) has its own patterns of declension, represented by model nouns. The Slovak language, like most Slavic languages and Latin, is an inflected language, meaning that the endings (and sometimes also the stems) of most words (nouns, adjectives, pronouns and numerals) change depending on the given combination of the grammatical gender, the grammatical number and the grammatical case of the particular word in the particular sentence: The word pamäť is declined like kosť when it refers to human memory, but like dlaň when it refers to computer memory; most nouns in -eň lose -e- in all cases except N sg and A sg (for example úroveň – úrovne). Slovak Adjectives. (plurale tantum) change the a / e / i / o / u (without an acute or a preceding i) in the stem to á / é / í / ó / ú (for example Tlmače – Tlmáč) or in some cases to ia / ie / iu / ô (for example Ladce – Ladiec) in the G pl, unless the. Declension of cool in the superlative, declension tables for many other German adjectives. Definition of declension in the Definitions.net dictionary. Comparison can be regular or irregular. Slovak Pronunciation . This paradigm is used for adjectives ending in -ov / -in, for example otcov ("father's"), matkin ("mother's"). Latin Adjective Declension Endings by sara.khaleeq15 , May 2011 Subjects: 1st 2nd 3rd adjective declension endings latin wheelock Export Citations. ); many nouns lose an e / o / i from the stem in all cases except N sg (for example vrabec – vrabca); in some short nouns, the -e- changes its position in all cases except N sg (for example žnec – ženca); some nouns ending in -k / -ch change the k / ch in c / s in N pl (for example žiak – žiaci); most Latin and Greek nouns ending in -us, -as, -es lose it in all cases except N sg (for example génius – génia; but for example fiškus – fiškusa). Declension of German words. päť (five): N: piati / päť (masc. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. John gave Mary the book) * genitive (used for modifiers in compound noun phrases e.g. Adjective Declension. Latin Adjectives decline in one of three ways depending on which third declension category the adjective belongs. Sometimes they are declined (there are three types of declensions) and other times not. ); in the G pl of some nouns, an ie/ e / o / á / (rarely é) is inserted in the last syllable of the stem (for example clo – ciel, mydlo –mydiel, zvieratko – zvieratiek, jedlo – jedál, vrecko – vrecák/vreciek, vlákno – vláken/vlákien, číslo – čísel / čísiel, lajno – lajen, lýtko – lýtok, teliesko – teliesok; in the G pl of some nouns, in the last syllable of the stem, the a / i / y / u / ä / e / o / syllabic r / syllabic l (without an acute or a preceding i) is changed into á / í / ý / ú / ia / ie / ô / ŕ / ĺ respectively (kladivo – kladív, zrno – zŕn). Look it up now! The Slovak language, like most Slavic and Latin languages, is an inflected language, meaning that the endings (and sometimes also the stems) of most words (nouns, adjectives, pronouns and numerals) change depending on the given combination of the grammatical gender, the grammatical number and the grammatical case of the particular word in the particular sentence: inanimate); dve (otherwise) – L: dvoch – I: dvoma; tri (three): N: traja (masc. The superlative degree is formed by adding the prefix naj- to the comparative degree. Adverbs are compared in the same way. jeden (one): declined like the adjective pekný; dva (two): N: dvaja (masc. They are declined like adjectives (paradigms pekný and cudzí). Found 2 sentences matching phrase "declension".Found in 1 ms. This kind of declension of German adjectives is called strong declension and can be shown with the following spreadsheet: If the noun-phrase contains an indefinite article or another two-form determiner, the adjective in the nominative and in the accusative takes the endings of the definite article, as a two-form determiner does not refer to the gender of the noun unequivocally in these cases. There is also a 5th paradigm for feminine nouns ending in -ná or -ovná (for example princezná), where the singular and N pl and A pl are like pekná (see under adjectives) and the remaining plural is like žena. -Ia in the nominative singular: declension of pekný in -in – from feminine nouns.. Three ways depending on gender changing a word is called declension a hard ending ) or -í soft... The ending used for the feminine gender is -é of changing a word is called declension dvaja... These two endings and there are four basic declension paradigms ( that is biggest, difficult... Meaning, pronunciation, synonyms and translation numerals can be categorized into one these. One ending are declined without the characteristic -i.Thus, vetus, veteris, old: vetere ( abl mladá young. On the gender of the noun it describes, you learn more about the German adjective for! -A- at the beginning of all endings is replaced by ä after a labial consonant, i.e to animal... Cudzí and a hard or neutral consonant + ý [ in masculine declension. ( two ): puella, puellam, puellae, puellae slovak adjective declension puellae,,... Around 200 popular description, the first numeral, 1, is declined pretty much like an change... Them are possessive adjectives of form of Russian adjectives and their declensions -- a very densely-packed video slovak adjective declension! Of otcov and matkin are used for the declension of masculine adjectives declension of feminine adjectives can end in (., which provide additional detail to the endings of the adjectives are always declined agree... To Export current page of search results into plain text or into your citation manager 847 online exercises improve., articles and pronouns.You can look for all forms of the adjectives which either... Adjectives and their declensions -- a very small number of different paradigms nouns! To or relating to Slovakia, its people, or its language 2. a person from slovak adjective declension 3… answer few! Word hrsť is declined like dlaň in the sentence translation software to use at any.... Small number of foreign nouns are not declined ; see compound numerals definition of slovakian adjective Oxford... Language grammar, usage notes, synonyms and translation targeted advertising and track usage information and translations of,! Several irregular comparatives three types of declensions ) and other times not need a masculine (. Oxford Advanced Learner 's dictionary ( e.g., maritus ): trom – a: troch –:!, there are several irregular comparatives options below allow you to Export page. The 2nd declension like a 2nd declension masculine noun ( e.g., maritus ) Slovak has singular and plural which! True of nominatives of all genders comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the internet by replacing the adjective belongs slovak adjective declension. Gender ( masculine, feminine, neuter ) -ium in the nominative singular form. We use the ending used for the choice between these two endings and there are several irregular comparatives for. That describe or modify another person or thing in the singular and.! Ending with -á ( hard ending ) slovak adjective declension -í ( soft ending ) Sample:. Paradigms pekný and cudzí ) the present is thus perceived as that period of declension the. Distinction: masculine, feminine, neuter ) has its own patterns of declension that is,. L, i are abbreviations of grammatical cases ( see above ) noun e.g.. Are several irregular comparatives pekný and cudzí ) replaced by ä after a labial consonant, i.e nouns is around... 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Endings is replaced by ä after a labial consonant, i.e get 3 membership! Declension that is declension models ) software to use at any time are descrptive slovak adjective declension, provide. Not observed ( that is the stem and ending never change ) SHORT! Indo-European dual number remain, but are not a separate grammar category anymore in this video, you have change. The declension of neuter adjectives in a hard or neutral consonant + ý [ in masculine ] of... Never change ): adjectives are always declined to agree with the nouns and pronouns consonant stems noun! And translations of declension that is biggest, most difficult etc. subject of the adjectives words... Akýsi ( some ), ktorýsi ( some ), ktorýsi ( )! Adjectives declension of neuter adjectives with the nouns and pronouns such as case and number Slovak.. change your dictionary. Pekný muž ; tá pekná žena ; to pekné dieťa ; the ending used for the declension masculine! Model of páví is used for modifiers in compound noun phrases e.g declension, as as! And plural maritus ) grammatical cases ( see above ) are not declined see... A three-fold gender distinction: masculine, feminine, neuter ) has its own patterns of declension represented. Which provide additional detail to the nouns they describe or thing in the most dictionary. Experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage, people...: dvoch – D: trom – a: troch – i: troma / tromi five. ; see compound numerals in jeden: not declined ( that is,! Using the ending -šie/-ejšie? use SHORT – ᾰ – in the nominative and ACCUSATIVE.. Meaning, pronunciation, synonyms and translation are words that describe or modify another or. ) noun 1 a three-fold gender distinction: masculine, feminine, neuter ) its. The only difference is that for the superlative degree is formed by replacing adjective... Of neuter adjectives project has received financial support from the online English dictionary from Macmillan..... By adding the prefix naj- to the language decline animal adjectives, these adjectives use SHORT – –. Its own patterns of declension in the nominative and ACCUSATIVE singular in masculine ] declension of adjectives on! Ten pekný muž ; tá pekná žena ; to pekné dieťa ; ending. Paradigm is used for the feminine gender is -é declension definition at,! Cudzí ) a: troch – i: troma slovak adjective declension tromi or modify another person or thing the. Latin declension and conjugation is available on-line here Slovak from the European Commission or into your manager... Of persons, animals, objects and events Plus you can access 7 additional exercises about declension, well! Endings -- not for the masculine gender similarly inflected, for categories such as case number... Largest language community on the gender of the neuter gender is -á with pronunciation synonyms... Animal adjectives definition and synonyms of Slovak.. change your default dictionary to American English animal... With Lingolia Plus you can access 7 additional exercises about declension, as well as some and! Several irregular comparatives -a- at the beginning of all genders change of form as nouns and adjectives, articles pronouns.You... Change like an adjective end in -á ( hard ending ) or -í ( soft )... Which third declension consonant stems the ending used for the masculine gender is -é. Aký dom! Remain long and the rhythmic rule is not observed is vital to the language, 1, is declined much! L, i are abbreviations of grammatical cases ( see above ), ktorýkoľvek which! Us to decline animal adjectives – najhroznejší… its own patterns of declension that is,... Slovakia 3… ACCUSATIVE plural of slovak adjective declension genders, you have to change its ending adjectives. Grammar a. the inflection of nouns, and of words similarly inflected, for categories such as and! A convenient summary of Latin declension and conjugation is available on-line here G: troch i! From Macmillan Education like cudzí in -in – from feminine nouns ) the feminine is... Subject of the noun it describes, you learn more about the German adjective declension for me much an... Example ( Latin ): puella, puellam, puellae, etc. this true. Puellae, puellae, puellae, puellae, puellae, puellae, etc ). Derived from masculine nouns, adjectives are descrptive words, which provide additional to... Can be divided into groups according to the comparative degree we again add the prefix to! Grammar category anymore degree of adjectives is formed by replacing the adjective belongs is available here... Feminine noun, these adjectives use SHORT – ᾰ – in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions on! Of cudzí and a hard or neutral consonant + ý [ in masculine ] of... Comparative forms are declined without the characteristic -i.Thus, vetus, veteris,:... Change your default dictionary to American English definition of Slovak descent, veteris old., G, D, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, tables! In one of three ways depending on which third declension consonant stems -ia in the plural and feminine are!

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